STRATEGI MENJAWAB SOAL NARRATIVE TEXT

STRATEGI MENJAWAB SOAL NARRATIVE TEXT

images (11) Narrative Text adalah teks yang isinya merupakan cerita atau kisah sesuatu. Contoh narrative text: cerita rakyat (folktale), cerita binatang (fable), Legenda (legend), cerita pendek (short story), dan sejenisnya. Di dalamnya terdapat konflik/puncak masalah yang diikuti dengan penyelesaian. Teks Naratif memiliki tujuan komunikasi —> to entertain/ to amuse /to educate the reades..

Ciri-ciri narrative text:
1. Generic Structure:
Orientation: berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita (siapa atau apa, kapan dan dimana). Orientation berada di awal cerita; biasanya diawali dengan kata-kata once, once upon a time, a long time ago, one day, etc.
 Complication: Berisi puncak konflik/masalah dalam cerita. Sebuah cerita boleh memiliki complication lebih dari satu. Complication berada di pertengahan cerita.
 Resolution: Pemecahan masalah. Bisa berakhir dengan kegembiraan (happy ending) bisa pula berakhir dengan kesedihan (sad ending). Solusi berada di akhir cerita.Kata-kata yang sering terdapat di dalam resolution antara lan; at the end, at last, finally
2. Grammatical features menggunakan ten “past tenses”

Snow White

Orientation

Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her Aunt and Uncle because her parents were dead

 Complication

One day she heard her Uncle and Aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because they both wanted to go to America and they didn’t have enough money to take Snow White.

Snow White did not want her Uncle and Aunt to do this so she decided it would be best if she ran away. The next morning she ran away from home when her Aunt and Uncle were having breakfast. She ran away into the woods.

Resolution 

Then she saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep.

Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said, “what is your name?” Snow White said, “My name is Snow White.”

Doc, one of the dwarfs, said, “If you wish, you may live here with us.” Snow White said, “Oh could I? Thank you.” Then Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story and finally Snow White and the 7 dwarfs lived happily ever after.

Yang sering ditanyakan antara lain:

1. Menentukan tujuan komunikasi
2. Menentukan Gambaran Umum
3. Menentukan Ide Utama Paragrap Tertentu
4.Menentukan Informasi Terinci
5. Menentukan pesan moral
6. Menentukan Referensi Kata

STRATEGI

1. Strategi menjawab soal menentukan tujuan komunikasi

Model pertanyaan yang sering muncul:
What is the purpose of the text above ?
Jawabannya:
Teks Narative ( Isinya menceritakan sebuah dongeng, teks dimulai dengan kata “Once upon a time, One day, Once, a long time ago, Menggunakan kalimat Past tense) maka jawabannya adalah to entertain/ to amusee /to educate the readers

2. Strategi menjawab soal menentukan Gambaran Umum
Model pertanyaan yang sering muncul:
a. What is the text about?
b. What does the text tell us about?
c. What is the topic of the text?
d. The text mainly discusses…
e. The text tells us about…

Jawabannya:
* Jika ada judul maka jawabannya adalah judul
* Jika tidak ada judul jawabannya kata yang paling banyak muncul di dalam teks,biasanya berada pada kalimat pertama setiap paragrap

3. Strategi menjawab soal menentukan Ide Utama Paragrap Tertentu
Model pertanyaan yang sering muncul:What is the main idea of paragraph…?
Jawabannya: Kalimat pertama yang berada di awal paragrap

4. Strategi menjawab soal menentukan Informasi Terinci
Pertanyaan menggunakan kata tanya: How (bagaimana), where (di mana), when (kapan), which (yang mana), how many (berapa banyak), what (apa) ,Who (siapa), Why (mengapa), whom (siapa), how long (berapa lama), etc

Jawabannya:
Perhatikan kata kunci kata/kalimat dalam pertanyaan, lalu Carilah kata kunci /kalimat itu pada teks, jawabannya terdapat di bagian sebelum atau sesudah kata kunci /kalimat pertanyaan

5. Strategi menjawab soal menentukan pesan moral/ informasi tersurat
Model pertanyaan yang sering muncul: What can we learn from the story above?
Jawabannya:
- Ada di akhir paragraph
- Atau menyimpulkan setelah membaca seluruh teks

6. Strategi Menentukan Referensi Kata
Pertanyaan:
The underlined word, refers to…
The word ‘we’ refers to … .
What does the pronoun ‘it’ refer to?
The word ‘she’ refers to…
Jawabannya: Subject atau Object pada kalimat sebelumnya

Contoh soal

TEKS NARRATIVE
Little Brother, Little Sister
images (6)
Maltreated by their stepmother, who was a witch, a little brother and sister fled into the woods. After running for a while,
the brother said: ‘I’m so thirsty. Let’s find a spring and have a drink.’
However, as the young boy bent down to drink, his sister heard a voice which said: ‘Who drinks from me will turn into a fawn.’ it was the witch! Too late, the sister tried to prevent her brother from drinking. The young boy changed at once into a fawn. In tears, the little girl made a lead and collar out of her belt, and led the fawn off into the woods. There they found an abandoned cottage and lived together, far from any danger.
One day, however, the king was hunting in the woods, and he spied the fawn, which could not resist the urge to wander away from the cottage. The king and his hunters chased the fawn all the way back home. There, the king followed it into the cottage, where he found a young girl stroking the frightened animal. She was so beautiful and gentle that the king fell in love with her at once. He asked her to be his wife, and his words caused the maiden to cry for joy. When one of her tears fell on the fawn, it changed back to her brother once more. Their goodness and love had overcome the witch’s evil spell, and they lived safely and happily with the king for ever after.
(Taken from 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990)

1. Kemampuan yang diuji: Menentukan informasi tersirat
• Indikator: Disajikan sebuah teks naratif fairy tale, siswa dapat menentukan jawaban pertanyaan tentang informasi tersirat dari teks tersebut dengan tepat.

• Soal:
Why did the brother and sister flee into the woods? Because ….
A. they had been maltreated by their stepmother.
B. they had been treated well their stepmother
C. they wanted to leave home.

D. they felt very happy.
• Kunci jawaban: a
• Pembahasan: Jawaban dari pertanyaan di atas dapat dibaca pada paragraph 1 kalimat pertama “Maltreated by their stepmother, who was a witch, a little brother and sister fled into the woods.” Dengan clue kata yang digaris bawahi, maka jawabannya adalah a.

2.Kemampuan yang diuji: Menentukan rujukan kata
• Indikator: Disajikan sebuah kutipan kalimat yang kata gantinya digaris bawahi dari teks naratif fairy tale yang sama, siswa dapat menentukan jawaban pertanyaan rujukan kata ganti dari teks tersebut dengan tepat.
• Soal:
“There, the king followed it into the cottage..” The word it refers to ….
A. cottage
B. fawn
C. wood
D. home

• Kunci jawaban: b
• Pembahasan: Jawaban dari pertanyaan di atas dapat mengacu pada kalimat sebelumnya “The king and his hunters chased the fawn all the way back home”

3. Kemampuan yang diuji: Menentukan informasi tersirat
• Indikator: Disajikan sebuah teks naratif fairy tale yang sama, siswa dapat menentukan jawaban pertanyaan tentang informasi tersirat dari teks tersebut dengan tepat.
• Soal:

What caused the young boy changed into a fawn?
A. He left home into the woods.
B. He found an abandoned cottage.
C. He drank something and got curse.
D. He said something bad to his mother.
• Kunci jawaban: c
• Pembahasan: Jawaban untuk pertanyaan di atas terdapat pada paragraph 2 baris pertama dan kedua,yang disimpulkan dia berubah menjadi anak rusa setelah minum dan mendapat kutukan, maka jawaban yangtepat c

4. Kemampuan yang diuji: Menentukan informasi rinci tersurat
• Indikator: Disajikan sebuah teks naratif fairy tale yang sama, siswa dapat menentukan jawaban pertanyaan tentang informasi rinci tersurat dari teks tersebut dengan tepat.
• Soal:
How did the fawn change back to be a young boy?
A. When the King asked for his sister to marry with him.
B. When one of his sister’s tear fell on the fawn.
C. When the king chased the fawn back home.
D. When his sister cried for joy.
• Kunci jawaban: b
• Pembahasan: Jawaban dari pertanyaan di atas ditemui pada paragraph terakhir, kalimat “When one of her tears fell on the fawn, it changed back to her brother once more.”, maka jawaban yang tepat adalah b.

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